Technical terms that
appear in articles in this issue lexicon |
actinian: sea anemone.
anchialine: containing both salt and brackish
water (as a landlocked pool or cave con-
nected to the sea).
aspergillosis: a disease caused by the fungus
Aspirgillus sydowi that infects corals.
assemblage: in fishes, an aggregation of
fishes of different species and different sizes
brought together for a common purpose,
such as feeding or resting.
azooxanthellate corals: corals that do
not contain zooxanthellae and that derive
nourishment not from the sun but from
capturing different forms of plankton.
Big Island: in the Hawaiian Islands and State
of Hawaii, the Island of Hawaii itself.
brown jelly disease: a disease that attacks
corals; caused by a protozoan that feeds on
live coral tissue.
Coral Triangle: the world’s richest concen-
tration of marine species diversity, located in
an area north of Australia and encompass-
ing the tropical marine waters of Indonesia,
Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines,
Solomon Islands, and Timor Leste.
DAR: in Hawaii, the state Department of
Aquatic Resources, responsible for fisheries
and environmental protection.
FRA: in Hawaii, Fish Replenishment Area, in
which aquarium collecting, but not food or
sport fishing, is prohibited.
fungal hypha: a long, branching filamental
structure of a fungus.
gall: a purple lesion that appears on gorgoni-
ans infected by Aspirgillus sydowi fungus.
meiofauna: bottom-dwelling organisms
measuring between 0.30 and 1 mm.
MPA: in Hawaii, Marine Protected Area, in
which no fishing of any kind or collection of
livestock is permitted.
school: in fishes, a group of animals of the
same species and size that keep an equal
distance between them and move synchro-
nously with one another.
shoal: in fishes, a group of animals of the
same species that do not stay an equal
distance apart and do not engage in coordi-
zooxanthellate corals: corals that contain
single-celled algae (zooxanthellae) that live
within the coral tissue and provide energy for
the colony via photosynthesis.
REEF LIFE page 128
Long-finned Batfish, Platax teira, can be found in large
schools in calm waters. This school was found at a depth
of 60 ft ( 18 m) near Maaya Thila, a submerged reef in
North Ari Atoll.
—Image by Denise Nielsen Tackett, coauthor, with Larry
Tackett, of REEF LIFE, Natural History and Behaviors
of Marine Fishes and Invertebrates (Microcosm/TFH,
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