reflect a sustainable policy. By identifying the governance
structures required to implement new management
strategies, appropriate actions may be taken to enhance
the protection of Caribbean reefs. Such actions could
involve limiting real estate development near damaged
and fragile reef sections, imposing restrictive regulations
for waste-water treatment, establishing fishing quotas,
and stimulating sustainable livelihood practices like eco-
tourism. Many countries in the greater Caribbean area
have already made important steps in protecting their
reefs by establishing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).
Even so, the detrimental practices of coastal develop-
ment, pollution, and overfishing of key organisms, such
as herbivores, continue. By communicating the key prob-
lems and their solutions to the relevant people, ranging
from fishermen to state officials, we may be able to slow
down the ongoing decline of Caribbean reefs.
Seamless Curved Glass Aquariums Yes! - It's glass,
Keep scratch off your mind, for life-long unobstructed viewing pleasure
A GLimmer of hope
Despite the current condition of the Yucatán and Caribbean reefs, and their grim outlook, there still is some
hope for the future. In between the decayed, algae overgrown coral branches, new coral recruits emerge. Young
Acropora palmata colonies and large fields of sea fans can
still be found here and there. It is known
that coral reefs may recover relatively
quickly after tropical storms, or even nuclear blasts as recently shown for Bikini
Atoll. For recovery however, it is vital that
human interference is low or absent. Next
to this, climate change, which is accompanied by a rise in sea surface temperature and ocean acidification, hangs over
the horizon as a dark cloud. Last year,
the global weather disturbance known as
El Niño caused massive coral bleaching
throughout the world. Reefs in the southern Caribbean, Southeast Asia, the western Pacific and those of the Flower Garden
Banks were hit hard. Coral bleaching, first
observed in the early 1980’s, will continue
to increase in both frequency and severity.
The establishment of MPA’s, sound reef
management and ongoing research will be
more important than ever now the planet
is facing major losses of the important
ecosystems we call coral reefs.
Moon View Piano style glass
aquarium from 170 to 280 gallons
Moon View half cylinder glass
aquarium, from 68 to 280 gallons
for more information about the
FORCE project, visit the official website at
OV seamless bow front with 3D coral overflow/background
Ocean View room-divider
MH reef light system and
Coral sculpture overflow box
cover and natural-look decorations
in creative styles.
Anderson, E. N. and F. M. Tzuc. 2005. Animals
and the Maya in Southeast Mexico. University
of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.
Grottoli, A. G., L .J. Rodrigues, and J. E. Palardy.
2006. Heterotrophic plasticity and resilience in
bleached corals. Nature 440:1186–1189.
Kim, K., C. D. Harvell, P. D. Kim, G. W. Smith, and
S. M. Merkel. 2000. Fungal disease resistance of
Caribbean sea fan corals (Gorgonia spp.). Mar.
Biol. 136: 259–267.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration website, www.coral.noaa.gov
Orth, R. J. et al. 2006. A Global Crisis for
Seagrass Ecosystems. BioScience 56: 987–996.
World Wildlife Fund website, www.wwf.org